Payments for slave- and forced labour
After the Second World War Germany had to find her own way in the new reality and deal with the burden of responsibility for crimes committed by the Nazi Authorities. The attempt to compensate the victims of the Nazi terror was one of the biggest challenges. Based on a new restitution laws the German Federal Republic paid 120 Billion Marks to the victims of national-socialism. These efforts, however, had not reached the victims in Middle and Eastern Europe due to the fact that countries in this region were under a strong or total influence of the Soviet Union. After the fall of communist regimes, the German Reunification and the following geopolitical changes in Europe, this issue returned to the political agenda, as new possibilities for the payment of compensations arose.
The question of compensation was one of the most challenging topics in the German-Polish negotiations on the Treaty for Good Neighbourship and Friendly Cooperation. Finally, both sides agreed for a payment of 500 million Marks to the Polish victims of the Nazi regime.
History of the payment of humanitarian aid
The humanitarian aid program of the Foundation for Polish-German Reconciliation (the FPNP) was initiated in 2002 by supporting an initiative of German and Austrian orthopaedists who organised free operations and artificial limbs for Nazi victims in need. The Foundation was a mediator in these efforts. The crucial moment of the Foundation activity was inauguration, in Spring 2003, of a new project for sanatorium treatments which was the first one to be supported by the Fund "Remembrance and Future". The FPNP obtained 300.000 Euro to cover the cost of sanatorium therapies for Polish and Belorussian forced- and slave labourers. Encouraged and supported by various organisations associating Nazi victims, the FPNP wants to continue and widen its activities in this field.